Present simple


When to use present simple

In English we use the present simple to talk about facts (things that are always true) or habits (things we do often).

Wellington is the capital of New Zealand.

Michael loves music.

These are both facts. Things that are always true.

Vanessa plays football every week.

I eat a lot of McDonald’s.

These are both habits. Things that happen often.

How to make present simple

To make the present simple, you need to change the verb in a sentence. How you change the verb depends on its subject.

I play football.

In this sentence, I is the subject and play is the verb. When the subject is I, you, we or they, you do not need to change the verb at all.

You play football.

My friends and I play football.

My friends play football.

If the subject is he, she or it, we need to add -s to the end of the verb.

He plays football.

Sarah plays football.

The robot plays football.


Irregular verbs

With some verbs we don’t add ‘s‘ when changing to he/she/it in the present simple.

Verbs ending with y

For verbs that end with -y we remove the -y and add -ies.

I try to win.

He tries to win.

I fly to Wellington every weekend.

She flies to Wellington every weekend.

Verbs ending with s, sh, ch or o

We add –es to verbs that end in –s, –sh ,-ch or  -o when their subject is he/she/it.

I watch TV.

John watches TV.

She watches TV.

Be and Have

Two verbs that are very different to others are ‘be‘ and ‘have‘. These verbs are also very important so you should learn their different forms.

I am happy. OR Im happy. My brother is happy. OR My brothers happy They are happy. OR Theyre happy. They have a lot of money. One of my friends has a puppy.